Migraine disease is a disabling, neurological condition
Migraine is estimated to affect 1 in 7 people globally, is one of the leading causes of disability in the world and affects three times as many women as men.
Migraine is more than just a headache. It is a whole-body disease that can cause nausea and vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, speech difficulties, visual disturbances, neck and shoulder pain, numbness and tingling of your face or limbs, skin sensitivity, sensitivity to light and sound, brain fog and so much more.
Episodic migraine is classified as having less than 15 migraine attacks each month; chronic migraine is classified as migraine attacks 15 days or more every month.
There are many different types of migraine, and people can be diagnosed with more than one migraine type.
- Migraine with aura
- Migraine without aura
- Chronic migraine
- Migraine with brainstem aura
- Vestibular migraine
- Abdominal migraine
- Hemiplegic migraine
- Menstrual migraine
To find out more about migraine, please explore some of these trusted international websites and organisations. This isn’t an exhaustive list and we’re regularly updating the content. Please let us know if you have a resource you’d like to us to consider for inclusion on this website.
Please note: These websites are provided for informative purposes only, please consult with your healthcare professional for the treatment plan that’s right for you. Some international treatment recommendations differ from New Zealand guidelines.
Migraine and Headache Australia – Migraine - a common and distressing disorder
Global Healthy Living Foundation – Migraine Patient Guidelines [downloadable guide]
Migraine Again – What is migraine? World-leading doctor answers your questions
Managing Your Migraine, Dr Katy Munro, National Migraine Centre, UK [book]
Association of Migraine Disorders – What causes migraine disease? [video]
- Migraine Strong – Migraine triggers list and the bucket theory
- MigrainePal – Migraine triggers and causes list
- The Migraine Trust – Migraine attack triggers
- American Migraine Foundation – Top 10 migraine triggers and how to deal with them
- Migraine and Headache Australia – Self-care and trigger management
Hormones and migraine
- Westport Headache Institute - Sex difference in migraine
- National Migraine Centre – Migraine, menopause and HRT
- American Migraine Foundation – Migraine and women’s health: your questions answered
- American Migraine Foundation – Hormonal and menstrual migraine: symptoms and treatment
- Migraine Again – What should you know about menstrual migraine?
- Migraine and Headache Australia – Hormonal headaches and menstrual migraine
- The Migraine Trust – Menstrual migraine
- American Migraine Foundation – Menstrual migraine treatment and prevention
- National Migraine Centre – Menstrual migraine
- National Headache Foundation – Menstrual migraine
Non-medication treatment options
- American Headache Society – Evidence-based integrative treatments for headache
- Migraine Strong – Migraine supplements: The big 5 you should know about
- American Migraine Foundation – Neuromodulation for migraine treatment: An overview
- American Migraine Foundation – Integrative and complementary migraine treatments
- Migraine Strong – Ginger for migraine and headache - what you need to know
- Migraine Again – Diet and nutrition
- Migraine Again – Alternative therapy
- Migraine Again – Science says: Omega-3s can help relieve your migraine pain
- Migraine Strong – The melatonin migraine connection – the facts
- American Migraine Foundation – Alternative treatments for migraine
Migraine in children and adolescents
- American Migraine Foundation – Pediatric migraine resources
- American Migraine Foundation – Abdominal migraine: causes, symptoms and treatments
- Migraine at School
- Migraine Again – School
- Migraine and Headache Australia – Children and headache
- The Migraine Trust – Q&A: Children’s migraine
- High school with migraine: 8 ways I'm surviving
- Texas Children's Hospital – Dietary supplements and nutraceuticals for children with migraine